Queen of southern Tunisia, Deglet Noor is the most prestigious of dates.
Moreover, it takes its name from the meaning “fingers of light”. Indeed, the famous Deglet Noor is known for its slight translucency revealing its core and elongated shape.
In addition, Deglet Noor is often recognized as a fruit rich in dietary fiber, which prevents the absorption of LDL cholesterol in the intestine.
Moreover, Deglet Noor is often recognized as a fruit rich in dietary fibre, which helps prevent the absorption of LDL cholesterol in the intestine. In addition, the fibre in Deglet Noor dates works as a natural laxative. Thus, consuming Deglet Noor dates daily helps protect the mucous membrane of the colon from the harmful effects of carcinogenic chemicals that attach themselves to it.
Also, Deglet Noor contains moderate sources of vitamin A (contains 149 IU per 100 g), known for its antioxidant properties and essential for visual acuity.
In order to maintain healthy skin and mucous membranes, the consumption of Deglet Noor dates is essential. Indeed, Deglet Noor dates are naturally rich in vitamin A, which helps to protect against lung cancer.
Excellent source of iron, Deglet Noor dates provide 0.90 mg / 100 g of fruit (about 11% of the RDI). In relation to this, iron, a component of hemoglobin in red blood cells, determines the blood’s ability to transport oxygen.
Thanks to the wonderful sunshine of Tunisia, Deglet Noor contains excellent sources of potassium. Potassium is an important component of cellular and body fluids that help regulate heart rate and blood pressure.
Deglet Noor is also rich in minerals such as calcium, manganese, copper and magnesium. Indeed, calcium is an important mineral, an essential component of bones and teeth, and indispensable for muscle contraction, blood coagulation and the conduction of nerve impulses. Manganese, on the other hand, is used by the body as a cofactor for the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase. Copper is needed for the production of red blood cells and magnesium for bone growth.
On the other hand, Deglet Noor contains significant amounts of pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), niacin, pantothenic acid and riboflavin. These vitamins act as co-factors that help the body to metabolize carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Deglet Noor, main symbol of Tunisia, has been cultivated for 5,000 years. There are male and female palms, but it is difficult to distinguish between them before flowering.
At first glance, it is the spathes, brown husks that appear under the palms, that characterize the genus of the palm.
At first glance, it is the spathes, brown envelopes that appear under the palms, which characterize the genus of the palm, and they are rather long and thin in females and swollen in males. A male can manage to pollinize about fifty females. With the help of a palm branch, a male palm leaf is hung in the center of a female’s diet. A kind of white powder comes out of the male branch which, dispersed by the wind, fertilizes Deglet Noor palms.
Thenceforth, the palm grove consists of a predominantly female territory; each palm can produce 10 to 20 bunches and up to 100 kg of Deglet Noor dates each year provided it is well irrigated. In order to increase the production of Deglet Noor dates, sowing should naturally be avoided since each core may produce a new variety other than Deglet Noor.
Young palm groves are designed from a kind of cuttings by removing suckers that grow at the base of a young female plant selected from the desired variety. A fresh and noble product, Deglet Noor does not undergo any drying process.
After fertilization, the future Deglet Noor is still a young fruit with a green colour and a round shape. It is during the summer that the Deglet Noor ripens. Hence the famous expression “head in the sun and feet in the water”. However, although it is smooth, yellow and strong in its nutritional properties, Deglet Noor remains very rough to the taste. Therefore, a person, commonly known as “Gayel” will be in charge of monitoring the ripening of Deglet Noor dates.
Thereafter, it is from October that the harvest of Deglet Noor begins and continues until December. Indeed, it will take the summer sun and very often the autumn sun for Deglet Noor date to ripen. Deglet Noor date then softens, becomes blond and its flavour becomes exceptional like a divine nectar.
Deglet Noor is eaten mostly during the month of Ramadan, the prophetic Muslim tradition retaining this food during the ritual of breaking the fast, the end of year celebrations, Christmas and family ceremonies.
In Tunisia, different varieties of dates can be distinguished on the margins of the famous Deglet Noor, such as Alig, Khouet Alig, Rochdi, Kenta, Bisr, Kentichi, etc…), all grouped under the generic name of common dates. Deglet Noor date from Tunisia has exceptional nutritional virtues which are conferred to it thanks to the endemic oases of the Tunisian south.
Eating Deglet Noor dates accompanied by a glass of milk is a complete and balanced meal for all ages and nutritional needs.
In Tunisia the harvest of Deglet Noor exceeds 70% each year, compared to 30% of common dates.